HemSök efter kurserWeb application security masterclass in Java

Web application security masterclass in Java

Your Web application written in Java works as intended, so you are done, right? But did you consider feeding in incorrect values? 16Gbs of data? A null? An apostrophe? Negative numbers, or specifically -1 or -2^31? Because that’s what the bad guys will do – and the list is far from complete.

Handling security needs a healthy level of paranoia, and this is what this course provides: a strong emotional engagement by lots of hands-on labs and stories from real life, all to substantially improve code hygiene. Mistakes, consequences, and best practices are our blood, sweat and tears.

The curriculum goes through the common Web application security issues following the OWASP Top Ten but goes far beyond it both in coverage and the details.All this is put in the context of Java, and extended by core programming issues, discussing security pitfalls of the Java language and the runtime environment.

So that you are prepared for the forces of the dark side.

So that nothing unexpected happens.

Nothing.

Outline

  • Cyber security basics
  • The OWASP Top Ten 2021
  • Security testing
  • Wrap up

Utbildningsformer
Classroom

Längd
5 dagar

Pris
39900 kr

Audience

Java developers working on Web applications

What you will learn

  • Getting familiar with essential cyber security concepts
  • Understanding how cryptography supports security
  • Learning how to use cryptographic APIs correctly in Java
  • Understanding Web application security issues
  • Detailed analysis of the OWASP Top Ten elements
  • Putting Web application security in the context of Java
  • Going beyond the low hanging fruits
  • Input validation approaches and principles
  • Managing vulnerabilities in third party components
  • Getting familiar with security testing techniques and tools

Preparedness

General Java and Web development

Web application security masterclass in Java

DAY 1

Cyber security basics

The OWASP Top 10 2021

A01 – Broken Access Control

  • Access control basics
  • Failure to restrict URL access
  • Confused deputy
    - Insecure direct object reference (IDOR)
    - Path traversal
    - Lab – Insecure Direct Object Reference
    - Path traversal best practices
    - Authorization bypass through user-controlled keys
    - Case study – Authorization bypass on Facebook
    - Lab – Horizontal authorization
  • File upload
    - Unrestricted file upload
    - Good practices
    - Lab – Unrestricted file upload
  • Open redirects and forwards
    - Case study – Unvalidated redirect at Epic Games
    - Open redirects and forwards – best practices

A02 – Cryptographic Failures

  • Information exposure
    - Exposure through extracted data and aggregation
    - Case study – Strava data exposure
    - Data exposure best practices
    - Data masking
    - Privacy violation
       - Privacy essentials
       - Related standards, regulations and laws in brief
       - Privacy violation and best practices
    - System information leakage
       - Leaking system information
       - Exposure through debug information
       - Exposure through files and directories
    - Information leakage through side channels
       - Exposure through side channels
       - Side channels and covert channels
    - Information exposure best practices
  • Cryptography for developers
    - Cryptography basics
    - Java Cryptographic Architecture (JCA) in brief
    - Elementary algorithms
       - Random number generation
         - Pseudo random number generators (PRNGs)
         - Cryptographically strong PRNGs
         - Seeding
         - Using virtual random streams
         - Weak and strong PRNGs in Java
         - Lab – Using random numbers in Java
         - True random number generators (TRNG)
         - Assessing PRNG strength
         - Case study – Equifax credit account freeze

DAY 2

A02 – Cryptographic Failures (continued)

  • Cryptography for developers
    - Elementary algorithms
       - Hashing
          - Hashing basics
          - Common hashing mistakes
          - Hashing in Java
          - Lab – Hashing in JCA
    - Confidentiality protection
       - Symmetric encryption
          - Block ciphers
          - Modes of operation
          - Modes of operation and IV – best practices
          - Symmetric encryption in Java
          - Symmetric encryption in Java with streams
          - Lab – Symmetric encryption in JCA
       - Asymmetric encryption
         - The RSA algorithm
            - Using RSA – best practices
            - RSA in Java
       - Combining symmetric and asymmetric algorithms
            - Some further key management challenges
  • Certificates
    - Certificates and PKI
    - X.509 certificates
    - Chain of trust
    - PKI actors and procedures
    - Certificate revocation

A03 – Injection

  • Injection principles
  • Injection attacks
  • SQL injection
    - SQL injection basics
    - Lab – SQL injection
    - Attack techniques
    - Content-based blind SQL injection
    - Time-based blind SQL injection
  • SQL injection best practices
    - Input validation
    - Parameterized queries
    - Lab – Using prepared statements
    - Additional considerations
    - Case study – Hacking Fortnite accounts
  • Code injection
    - OS command injection
       - OS command injection best practices
       - Using Runtime.exec()
       - Using ProcessBuilder
       - Case study – Shellshock
       - Lab – Shellshock
  • HTML injection – Cross-site scripting (XSS)
    - Cross-site scripting basics
    - Cross-site scripting types
       - Persistent cross-site scripting
       - Reflected cross-site scripting
       - Client-side (DOM-based) cross-site scripting
          - Lab – Stored XSS
          - Lab – Reflected XSS
          - Case study – XSS in Fortnite accounts
          - XSS protection best practices
            - Protection principles – escaping
            - XSS protection APIs in Java
            - Lab – XSS fix / stored
            - Lab – XSS fix / reflected
            - Client-side protection principles
            - Additional protection layers – defense in depth

DAY 3

A03 – Injection (continued)

  • Input validation
    - Input validation principles
    - Denylists and allowlists
    - What to validate – the attack surface
    - Where to validate – defense in depth
    - When to validate – validation vs transformations
    - Output sanitization
    - Encoding challenges
    - Unicode challenges
    - Lab – Encoding challenges
    - Validation with regex
    - Integer handling problems
       - Representing signed numbers
       - Integer visualization
       - Integer overflow
       - Lab – Integer overflow
       - Signed / unsigned confusion in Java
       - Case study – The Stockholm Stock Exchange
       - Integer truncation
       - Best practices
         - Upcasting
         - Precondition testing
         - Postcondition testing
         - Using big integer libraries
         - Integer handling in Java
         - Lab – Integer handling
         - Reflection without validation
         - Lab – Unsafe reflection

A04 – Insecure Design

  • The STRIDE model of threats
  • Secure design principles of Saltzer and Schroeder
    - Economy of mechanism
    - Fail-safe defaults
    - Complete mediation
    - Open design
    - Separation of privilege
    - Least privilege
    - Least common mechanism
    - Psychological acceptability

  • Client-side security
    - Lab – Client-side security
    - Same Origin Policy
       - Simple request
       - Preflight request
       - Cross-Origin Resource Sharing (CORS)
       - Relaxing the Same Origin Policy
    - Frame sandboxing
       - Cross-Frame Scripting (XFS) attacks
       - Lab – Clickjacking
       - Clickjacking beyond hijacking a click
       - Clickjacking protection best practices
       - Lab – Using CSP to prevent clickjacking
    - Some further best practices
       - HTML5 security best practices
       - CSS security best practices
       - Ajax security best practices
    - JSON security
       - JSON validation
       - JSON injection
       - Dangers of JSONP
       - JSON/JavaScript hijacking
       - Best practices
       - Case study – ReactJS vulnerability in HackerOne
    - XML security
       - XML validation
       - XML injection
          - XPath injection
          - Blind XPath injection

DAY 4

A05 – Security Misconfiguration

  • Configuration principles
  • Server misconfiguration
  • Cookie security
    - Cookie attributes
  • XML entities
    - DTD and the entities
    - Entity expansion
    - External Entity Attack (XXE)
       - File inclusion with external entities
       - Server-Side Request Forgery with external entities
       - Lab – External entity attack
       - Case study – XXE vulnerability in SAP Store
       - Preventing XXE
       - Lab – Prohibiting DTD

A06 – Vulnerable and Outdated Components

  • Using vulnerable components
  • Assessing the environment
  • Hardening
  • Untrusted functionality import
  • Vulnerability management
    - Patch management
    - Vulnerability databases
    - Lab – Finding vulnerabilities in third-party components
    - DevOps, the build process and CI / CD
    - Dependency checking in Java
    - Lab – Detecting vulnerable components

A07 – Identification and Authentication Failures

  • Authentication
    - Authentication basics
    - Multi-factor authentication
    - Case study – PayPal 2FA bypass
  • Session management
    - Session management essentials
    - Why do we protect session IDs – Session hijacking
    - Session fixation
  • Password management
    - Inbound password management
       - Storing account passwords
       - Password in transit
       - Lab – Is just hashing passwords enough?
       - Dictionary attacks and brute forcing
       - Salting
       - Adaptive hash functions for password storage
       - Lab – Using adaptive hash functions in JCA
       - Password policy
          - NIST authenticator requirements for memorized secrets
       - Case study – The Ashley Madison data breach
          - The dictionary attack
          - The ultimate crack
          - Exploitation and the lessons learned
        - Password database migration
           - (Mis)handling null passwords
    - Outbound password management
       - Hard coded passwords
       - Best practices
       - Lab – Hardcoded password
       - Protecting sensitive information in memory
         - Challenges in protecting memory
         - Storing sensitive data in memory
         - Lab – Using secret-handling classes in Java

A08 – Software and Data Integrity Failures

  • Integrity protection
    - Message Authentication Code (MAC)
       - Calculating MAC in Java
       - Lab – Calculating MAC in JCA
    - Digital signature
       - Digital signature with RSA
       - Elliptic Curve Cryptography
         - ECC basics
         - Digital signature with ECC
    - Digital signature in Java
       - Lab – Digital signature with ECDSA in JCA

DAY 5

A08 – Software and Data Integrity Failures (continued)

  • Subresource integrity
    - Importing JavaScript
    - Lab – Importing JavaScript
    - Case study – The British Airways data breach
  • Insecure deserialization
    - Serialization and deserialization challenges
    - Integrity – deserializing untrusted streams
    - Using readObject
    - Integrity – deserialization best practices
    - Look ahead deserialization
    - Property Oriented Programming (POP)
       - Creating a POP payload
       - Lab – Creating a POP payload
       - Lab – Using the POP payload
       - Summary – POP best practices

A09 – Security Logging and Monitoring Failures

  • Logging and monitoring principles
  • Insufficient logging
  • Case study – Plaintext passwords at Facebook
  • Log forging
    - Log forging – best practices
    - Case study – Log interpolation in log4j
    - Case study – The Log4Shell vulnerability (CVE-2021-44228)
    - Case study – Log4Shell follow-ups (CVE-2021-45046, CVE-2021-45105)
    - Lab – Log4Shell
  • Logging best practices
  • Monitoring best practices

A10 – Server-Side Request Forgery (SSRF)

  • Server-side Request Forgery (SSRF)
  • Case study – SSRF and the Capital One breach

Web application security beyond the Top Ten

  • Code quality
    - Code quality and security
    - Data handling
    - Initialization and cleanup
       - Constructors and destructors
       - Class initialization cycles
       - Lab – Initialization cycles
    - Unreleased resource
        - The finalize() method – best practices
    - Expressions
       - Use of incorrect operator
       - Incorrect comparison
       - Java expressions
    - Language elements
       - Using dangerous language elements
       - Using obsolete language elements
       - Portability flaw
       - Misusing Java language elements
    - Object oriented programming pitfalls
       - Accessibility modifiers
         - Are accessibility modifiers a security feature?
         - Accessibility modifiers – best practices
         - Overriding and accessibility modifiers
    - Inheritance and overriding
    - Mutability
       - Lab – Mutable object
    - Cloning
  • Denial of service
    - Flooding
    - Resource exhaustion
    - Sustained client engagement
    - Denial of service problems in Java
    - Infinite loop
    - Economic Denial of Sustainability (EDoS)
    - Algorithm complexity issues
       - Regular expression denial of service (ReDoS)
         - Lab – ReDoS in Java
         - Dealing with ReDoS

Security testing

  • Security testing techniques and tools
    - Code analysis
       - Static Application Security Testing (SAST)
       - Lab – Using static analysis tools
    - Dynamic analysis
       - Security testing at runtime
       - Penetration testing
       - Stress testing
       - Dynamic analysis tools
         - Dynamic Application Security Testing (DAST)
         - Web vulnerability scanners
         - Lab – Using web vulnerability scanners
         - SQL injection tools
         - Lab – Using SQL injection tools
    - Fuzzing

Wrap up

  • Secure coding principles
    - Principles of robust programming by Matt Bishop
  • And now what?
    - Software security sources and further reading
    - Java resources